The software industry has grown exceptionally, and it is one of the biggest profit-making sectors. Many companies from various countries are working day and night to come up with new software. There are some companies that are uninvolved in custom software development for various clients. In this article, we will see the process involved in software development.
Requirement gathering and analysis
The first step consists of two parts. The first part is the gathering of the resources that are required to develop that particular software. The second part is performing the analysis which gives a clear picture of what needs to be done throughout the development process. The gathering of resources includes material resources like the systems, servers, software and a lot more. The other resource is the manpower that is required. The analyzing part includes going through the data, market analysis and a lot more.
The design is the phase where the system and the software design is prepared as per the specification of the client. During this process, the system and hardware requirements are specified. The overall system architecture is defined in this process. In this phase, a test strategy is applied where the testers say what to test and how to test.
Implementation and coding
Implementation and coding is the process during which people get into real action. When the system design is decided the coding work will be divided into modules and will be assigned to different people or teams. The focus will be mainly on the developers during this phase. It is actually the process that takes a lot of time. Generally, coding for software will take months of time to complete the entire process.
When the software is completely developed, it goes to the next phase which is testing. The testing procedure is actually carried out to ensure that the software is properly working and to find out whether it is solving the purpose that is was created for. The testing phase includes a lot of processes that include unit testing, integration testing, system testing, acceptance testing, and non-functional testing. Each testing is carried out by different teams and different people.
After confirming that the product is working without any flaws, it is delivered or deployed for the customers to use. The initial customers who use the products will do the beta testing. If any changes have to be made or if they come across any bugs it will be reported to the specific team, and it will be eliminated.
The last phase of software development is maintenance. There are possibilities that some problem might occur when the customers start using the software. Solving these problems is a part of the maintenance. Some of the other processes include securing the software from any attack and providing the updates and changes if it is required.